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Whats Next !!

October 30, 2009 2 comments

Its been a long time since my last post .  Immediately after passing the Lab Exam I had loads of work waiting for my return to office.  I have been working on an upgrade project for one of our customers which was consuming most of my time. And Finally I submitted the Design and BOQ and now waiting for the Customer to accept it so that I may go ahead on developing the Implementation and Migration Plans. I will be writing my experiences with Project in the next few months.

So the geekness inside of me is not letting me sit calm and I have decided to go after another CCIE.  I first decided to go for Service Provider but my job role involves a lof of Cisco Security Related stuff as well so I changed my plan and now pursuing CCIE Security. As you know the new blueprint is very difficult and there have been only a few success stories since then so this one will be very challenging and I would love to tackle this beast.

I must thank Kady Heaton and all the INE Team for giving me the CCIE Security End-to-End Program as a part of Scholarship which I received for R&S earlier this year but could not attend the Onsite Bootcamp due to Visa issue. kady was nice to transfer that portion to Security Program.

Currently im studying MPLS VPN and Performance Routing for a Project and then I will move on to CCIE Security Studies. My strategy will remain the same as R&S. Pick each technology and beat it to death.  I used INE Advance Technologies Class and Open Lecture Series as Class Based Trainings and Volume I Technologies Workbook as main training products,  So same products for Security as well but unfortunately INE does not have OLS for Security till now so i will have to check for other VODs from CCBOOTCAMP or maybe IPEXPERT in addition to INE ATC

Stay tuned for some Technical Posts in near future

Goodbye For Now !

Categories: Uncategorized

Journey to a 21 Year Old CCIE

August 20, 2009 5 comments

Hey All !

Just Received my Report, I cannot tell you how happy I am. I have been dreaming of becoming a CCIE since I was 15. Now at 21 I have finally passed the CCIE R&S Lab Exam.

My Journey Started when I got my old 386 computer. I was quite young at that time but I as really fascinated by the little machine. In few years it was upgraded to Windows 95. I used to corrupt and fix everything on my own. In Grade Seven during school holidays I joined a local institute nearby my home for Web and Graphics Designing. My Teacher was preparing for MCSE and I used to ask him about what it was all about and then I finally decided to join the Networking field.

So at the age of 15 I passed the CCNA Exam, it was really difficult one for me at that time. Just after clearing I went ahead and joined CCNP Training. I passed BSCI and BCMSN and had to stop because my high school studies were being affected. After completing school I got job at a Cisco Premier Partner. I still work here as a Network Engineer working  on R&S and Security Projects. Back in December 2007, I completed CCNP along with few other certifications from Cisco and Juniper.

Immediately I Started my preparations for CCIE. I passed the Written Exam but it took a lot of time around 8 months during which I was working on a major project. So I finally decided that it was now time to get my hands dirty. I scheduled the Lab but after every week I had to extend it because of Job load and other responsibilities.

A turning point in my preparations was when I received the Scholarship from Internetwork Expert. I really jumped out of my seat when I received the email saying I have been selected as the Sole International Recipient. Since then there was no stopping and I booked the seat at Aug 18 2009.

During the last month I had enormous distractions but I focused on my strategy. The Exam day has finally arrived and I was very afraid of the 4 Stupid questions that can cost you $1400.

So we started of with the Core Knowledge. The first one was really easy but the rest were confusing and I spent the whole 30 mins. I sticked to the first thoughts as many CCIEs told me that overthinking can cause you to fail.

Lab Portion was not as difficult as I was expecting, my time management was not good I spent too much time on 2 Tasks, one of them was very easy but my mind was not the working at its best. After 40 mins of thinking and trying different solutions I got one task done but I moved forward and left the other. I had complete reachability before proctor called for Lunch. After Lunch time I completed other tasks verified reachability. On whole I left two tasks and instead of working on them I re-checked every thing and found a couple of mistakes which could have cost me. After the Exam I knew I had great chance of passing the Lab, the only thing that was troubling me was the Core Knowledge Questions.

Thanks to ALLAH in helping me achieving this journey and many others who have helped me including my employer, manger, colleagues and my family.

As far as my Exam Strategy is concerned I used CCIE 2.0 Program by Internetwork Expert. Advance Technologies Class, Open Lecture Series and Volume I Workbook were the main products. I focused on individual technologies and did very few Full Scale Labs and never completed even a single of them because of various issues , power outages being the main cause. I would highly recommend the CCIE 2.0 Program to candidates and specially the Volume I Workbook and the Open Lecture Series. Both of them are my favorites and I still plan to use the OLS, it a great tool. For those who dont know about it its just an ongoing version of Advance Technologies Class. Each week Brain Mcgahan conducts two 1 hour each class and cover various technologies on the CCIE Blueprint. I would love to see it released for CCIE Security as well.

Thank you Internetworkexpert , you guys have been a crucial part of my success specially Kady and Brain and I look forward to choose you for the Next Track which I have yet to decide , per my job role CCIE Security looks the best and I have heard that the new exam is very difficult and only 1 guy has passed since the Blueprint changed so I would love to tackle this beast. CCIE Service Provider also looks very promising and for the next 2-3 years because of IPv6 and MPLS its worth will increase.

Thank you all

Muhammad Zeeshan Sanaullah
CCIE # 25196

Categories: Uncategorized

OSPF Forward Metric

March 12, 2009 3 comments

This Post will help you understand the role of OSPF Forward Metric in route selection

To make it simple , lets start with OSPF External Routing. As we all know that there are two types of metric-types associated with OSPF External Routes. Metric Type-1 (E1) and Metric Type-2 (E2).

E1 considers the cost advertised by the ASBR for the particular route plus the cost to reach the ASBR.

While E2 considers only the cost advertised by the ASBR and neglects the cost to reach the ASBR.

We will refer to the following diagram to understand the usage of forward metric in ospf

forward-metirc

Note – OSPF is enabled on Fast Ethernet Interfaces of R1, R2 and R3. And Serial Interfaces of R1, R2 and R4

– The ospf cost values are 1 for Fastethernet interfaces and 64 for serial interfaces

If we redistribute the Loopback 0 interface in OSPF at R4 . By default R3 will receive an E2 route with the cost of 20. Changing the Metric-Type to E1 the cost will be 85 ( 1+ 64 + 20 ) provided that the default bandwidth values
are used throughout the network.

As you can see from the output of show ip route 100.100.100.100 from R3 both with E1 and E2 metric-types

With Metric-Type – 1 (E1)

R3#sh ip route 100.100.100.100
Routing entry for 100.100.100.100/32
Known via “ospf 100”, distance 110, metric 85, type extern 1
Last update from 10.100.123.2 on FastEthernet1/0, 00:00:09 ago
Routing Descriptor Blocks:
10.100.123.2, from 4.4.4.4, 00:00:09 ago, via FastEthernet1/0
Route metric is 85, traffic share count is 1
* 10.100.123.1, from 4.4.4.4, 00:00:09 ago, via FastEthernet1/0
Route metric is 85, traffic share count is 1

With Metric-Type – 2 (E2)

R3#sh ip route 100.100.100.100
Routing entry for 100.100.100.100/32
Known via “ospf 100”, distance 110, metric 20, type extern 2, forward metric 65
Last update from 10.100.123.2 on FastEthernet1/0, 00:00:13 ago
Routing Descriptor Blocks:
10.100.123.2, from 4.4.4.4, 00:00:13 ago, via FastEthernet1/0
Route metric is 20, traffic share count is 1
* 10.100.123.1, from 4.4.4.4, 00:00:13 ago, via FastEthernet1/0
Route metric is 20, traffic share count is 1

R3 is doing equal cost loadbalancing in both cases.
Notice the forward metric 65 in the output above. It is only used in Metric-Type 2 (E2).
Forward Metric is actually the cost to reach the ASBR.
So it doesn’t make sense to show it the first output as Metric-Type-1 already uses it in the calculation.

Now what makes this interesting is that when we have multiple ABRs with each having different costs to the ASBR.

In case of Metric-Type-1 (E1) simply the router will choose the one with lowest commulative cost (which includes
external metric + the cost to reach the ASBR)

But when Metric-Type-2 (E2) , which is the default , is used the the results are a bit different.
Let us see how ,

First we change the cost of Interface on R2 connecting to R4 to 100.

R2(config)#interface serial 0/0
R2(config-if)#ip ospf cost 100

we now check the routing table on R3

R3#sh ip route
Codes: C – connected, S – static, R – RIP, M – mobile, B – BGP
D – EIGRP, EX – EIGRP external, O – OSPF, IA – OSPF inter area
N1 – OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 – OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 – OSPF external type 1, E2 – OSPF external type 2
i – IS-IS, su – IS-IS summary, L1 – IS-IS level-1, L2 – IS-IS level-2
ia – IS-IS inter area, * – candidate default, U – per-user static route
o – ODR, P – periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

100.0.0.0/32 is subnetted, 1 subnets
O E2 100.100.100.100 [110/20] via 10.100.123.1, 00:02:36, FastEthernet1/0
10.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 3 subnets
O IA 10.0.14.0 [110/65] via 10.100.123.1, 00:02:41, FastEthernet1/0
O IA 10.0.24.0 [110/101] via 10.100.123.2, 00:02:41, FastEthernet1/0
C 10.100.123.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet1/0

As E2 only considers the external cost, we see only 20 as the cost, neglecting the cost to reach the ASBR.
But wait previously we had two exit points through R1 and R2

Why in this case we only see the route through R1.

Does the route through R2 has a higher cost … umm let us check .

We shut the Interface on R1 connecting to R4

R1(config)#interface serial 0/0
R1(config-if)#shut

and then check the routing table on R3

R3#sh ip route
Codes: C – connected, S – static, R – RIP, M – mobile, B – BGP
D – EIGRP, EX – EIGRP external, O – OSPF, IA – OSPF inter area
N1 – OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 – OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 – OSPF external type 1, E2 – OSPF external type 2
i – IS-IS, su – IS-IS summary, L1 – IS-IS level-1, L2 – IS-IS level-2
ia – IS-IS inter area, * – candidate default, U – per-user static route
o – ODR, P – periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

100.0.0.0/32 is subnetted, 1 subnets
O E2 100.100.100.100 [110/20] via 10.100.123.2, 00:00:01, FastEthernet1/0
10.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 3 subnets
O IA 10.0.14.0 [110/165] via 10.100.123.2, 00:00:01, FastEthernet1/0
O IA 10.0.24.0 [110/101] via 10.100.123.2, 00:00:01, FastEthernet1/0
C 10.100.123.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet1/0

No. It also has the same metric. Then why does we not see both in the routing table with R3 doing equal cost loadbalancing.

Let us check the route

R3#sh ip route 100.100.100.100
Routing entry for 100.100.100.100/32
Known via “ospf 100”, distance 110, metric 20, type extern 2, forward metric 101
Last update from 10.100.123.2 on FastEthernet1/0, 00:01:35 ago
Routing Descriptor Blocks:
* 10.100.123.2, from 4.4.4.4, 00:01:35 ago, via FastEthernet1/0
Route metric is 20, traffic share count is 1

Okk.. so I think you got the answer. It is the forward metric.

R3 calculates route to the destination 100.100.100.100/32 with a cost 20 through R1 and R2. But it installs only the one through R1
as it has lower forward metric. We can see that

R1(config)#interface serial 0/0
R1(config-if)#no shut

R3#sh ip route 100.100.100.100
Routing entry for 100.100.100.100/32
Known via “ospf 100”, distance 110, metric 20, type extern 2, forward metric 65
Last update from 10.100.123.1 on FastEthernet1/0, 00:00:09 ago
Routing Descriptor Blocks:
* 10.100.123.1, from 4.4.4.4, 00:00:09 ago, via FastEthernet1/0
Route metric is 20, traffic share count is 1

So what we conclude is that although the metric will be 20 ( only external metric ). But the route with lower forward metric
will be installed in the routing table. But remember this is only for Metric-Type-2 (E2)

Happy Labbing

ccie@21 ..

Categories: Uncategorized

About Me

March 6, 2009 2 comments

I am Zeeshan Sanaullah from Karachi, Pakistan. I ‘ll be writing about my LAB preparation in search of getting the digits. I work for a Cisco Premier Partner. My Journey started off in the Tech World when I got my 386 computer when I was class 5 and since then computers have become an essential part of my life.

Initially I Started with Web-Development and Graphics but eventually landed in the Networking field.

I was a CCNA at 15 and now at 21 Im CCDA, CCNP, CIPTD , CSSDS, JNCIA-ER, and JNCIA-EX .

I passed CCIE R&S Written Exam in September last year.

This Blog will focus on CCIE Lab Preparation and I will also write about the day – to – day stuff that I face in my Job as a Network Engineer

Hope the journey goes well….

Zeeshan

Categories: Uncategorized

Welcome !!!

July 13, 2008 3 comments

Helloo !!!

Finally I have my own CCIE Blog. Though I cant match the likes of cciepursuit, ethan or arden, I’ll try to write some good posts. Stay tuned for the next post I’ll post some words about my myself.

Categories: Uncategorized